Brief History of Pest Control

The pest problem became more evident around the same time agriculture took off. Around 8,000 BC saw the effects of what pests could provide to crops. Pests, mainly insects, have destroyed crops where preventative measures have not been taken. Crop rotation and displacement were the only measures taken. It wasn’t until 1500 that pest control as a trade really took off. Up to this time the Egyptians and then the Romans used some types of insecticidal compounds in poisonous plants mixed within the crops but without great effects. The voyages of Christopher Columbus led to the exchange of animals and plants and with these parasitic insects that needed to be controlled. Along with this, the Western world has learned to use predatory species from the origin of parasitic insects. The Western world has also learned new preventive measures from native Indians in powdered similar seeds from a Lilly. They took these ideas and expanded them. A myriad of inorganic chemicals were prepared and sold for the agricultural industry and were later replaced by modern chemical pesticides such as DDT which only affect pests.

Pest control has diversified in other ways, including preventing the spread of diseases such as rats that carried the plague by carrying fleas with deadly diseases. Pest control has taken the form of educating the public about simple things like storing waste, as well as rat poisons to control the growing rat population. The way forward has been discussed, with good hygiene advocated as a more ethical response to rodent extermination. Rat poisons still remain legal today, but improvements in hygiene have greatly improved the spread of disease. The moral ethics involved in pest control have played a role in the modern pest control business. More emphasis is now being placed on pest transfer and preventive measures, rather than extermination, such as temperature and control of environments such as wet

Pest control research is ongoing. It is estimated that 42% of the world’s food supply is wasted by pests that destroy agricultural crops. Add to this the damage caused by time and other external factors, the dispersion of food can be significantly improved. Pest control looks set to become a problem for society in the near future. More education is still needed for the prevention of domestic and commercial pest problems such as controlling the environments in which they thrive. Time to learn and implement these factors is an issue in the fast-paced modern day and will be in the future, so pest control experts will have to be available for some time yet.