Introduction to Pest Management

“Pest management” is a very broad term to denote the subject, as pests come in countless varieties and are causing harm to both humans in the home and crops in the fields. Eradication of these pests and insects as well as control is identified as “Pest Management”. It has far-reaching implications for addressing health, environmental and economic issues through science-based technologies.

Pest management at home

It is well known that the way our homes become birthplaces of pests and insects such as – cockroaches; bedbugs; flies; mosquitoes; termites; the weather gets warm and the ants – to name a few, if only we don’t take adequate pest control measures. And there are also so many varieties, each causing or capable of producing many diseases to family members.

Varieties of pests and insects found at home:

For example, cockroaches are of several varieties: American cockroaches; Oriental cockroaches; The brown-banded cockroaches, etc. – and cockroaches are directly linked to the cause of asthma and allergic diseases for many people.

Another more common parasite in the stinging category is the mosquito. It can multiply very quickly, as it only takes 10-14 days for it to grow from egg to adult. Amazingly, the female mosquitoes that suck our blood can fly up to 14 miles to feast on a blood meal. Mosquitoes cause diseases such as West Nile virus; malaria and the most feared dengue fever.

Termites are the deadliest enemies at home, as they can silently consume wooden items. Subterranean termites; Dry wood termites; Damp wood termites; and the Formosan termites are the varieties of these parasite families, capable of bringing down an entire house built of wood.

Pests that destroy agricultural fields and farms:

The pests and insects that destroy agricultural crops are innumerable. Scientists have identified the 100 most invasive pest species that invade agricultural crops globally. Of them the deadliest are – Flee Beetle: flying in large numbers can completely destroy rapeseed farms; cauliflower; potatoes; tomatoes and sugar

Integrated pest management:

Overall, governments of all countries are spending millions of dollars to combat pests and insects that destroy agricultural crops every year. In the United States, the “Integrated Pest Management” program includes: – Biological control; Financial management of the farm; Information on invasive species; Precision, geospatial and sensor technologies; Sustainable agriculture; Ecosystems etc.

Pest Management Instruction:

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture, under the control of the United States Department of Agriculture, is extending generous research grants to universities and nonprofits to educate people about “Integrated Pest Management “.

These searches are carried out and the results are recorded for the information of all under the headings – Agricultural Systems; Pest management; Biotechnology and genomics; Biological agriculture; Environment and natural resources; and nanotechnology etc.

The concerted efforts of governments and people in general on pest management are an ongoing process, to combat pests that cause nuisance, loss of money and infection or spread of disease.

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